The Culdees Keep The Law of Moses




“Culdees” is the name given to Britain ’s earliest Priests. These priests are governed by a strict house law that is well defined and recorded. With

 Glastonbury being the earliest church that makes this a topic of high importance. Although most history was burned by Henry VIII and his new

 Sunday cult, the plethora of evidence proves what was followed and kept. Chiefly, a fiercely guarded independence to keep the Sabbath and the

 Mosaic law. Dozens of Royal and Ecclesiastical charters recognized this right, as well as the right to execute God’s laws throughout England and

 abroad to an equal measure as Levites. Culdees recorded their ways more in specific in the most well known document that was distributed by

 Saint Patrick, the Ex Lieber Moisi. All others who fall outside the Hebrew requirements are illegitimate priests. Those who don’t teach Sabbath

 and claim the name Culdee should immediately be investigated as frauds.


As shown in the 7th Century Canones Hibernenses Penitentials,  The law of Moses was the standard for defining sin in Ireland. Breaking the law of Moses was the reason someone was required to do penance. Example, eating horsemeat or drinking blood. Our nations always knew we were Israelites, and this is just more proof. You can read in the Penitentials of Saint David, Patrick, and other Celtic leaders why we should all confess and repent of the transgressions of the law of Moses. Saint Patrick went at great efforts to distribute his summary of the Law of Moses called the The Liber ex Lege Moisi wherever he went and setup his hundreds of churches. 

Below find such additional evidence in the Canones Hibernenses Penitentials


1John 2:4 “He that saith I know Him and keepeth not His commandments is a liar, and the truth is not in him.”

1John 3:4 “sin is the transgression of the law.” (also see Matt 5:19)


We maintain the full list of Abbots of Glastonbury since Patrick, and they all have been shown to all have supported marriage among the clergy among the rest of the most evident Hebrew laws. Contrary to the lies of Henry VIII’s new church and revisionists, there continued to be a protest even afterward. For full list click here.


The Culdee of Glastonbury are seeking such a Monk to rise up to be the next Abbot. Currently candidates are at the intake stage, and are not all formalized for an Abbot election.




St. Joseph and the Culdees


The absolute facts of the Culdee ministers is they all had strict genealogical inheritance as recorded in "the Welsh Genealogies of Saints". The

 Culdees have demonstrated the best documentation on Levitical ancestry known to man. (There is more on inheritance of autonomous Abbeys

 from father-to-son in our other articles.)


Another absolute fact of the Culdees is they never considered themselves to be under another foreign Bishop, whether in England or abroad. The

 Culdee Abbots especially fought for this at Glastonbury , where since Saint Patrick they demonstrated a policy of marriage for Priests and

 Abbots. That is until the abbey was destroyed and Henry VIII started his new religion for England.


Another other absolute fact about the Culdees is under much peril they fought for the Mosaic law. Under much effort they preserved the Sabbath

 in every generation, and we have them to thank for the future generations of Christendom. Many documented Culdee families are known for being

 Seventh Day Baptist and Congregationalists who promoted the freedom to keep the Sabbath, against all odds an threats by the government. Even

 against laws that banned the Sabbath, they made a way to preserve it under harsh circumstances.


As is most clear from the early Culdee priests, and later documents, they believed in the literal Hebrew Sabbath. The Culdees regarded Saturday,

 the seventh day of the week, to be the only Sabbath of Christendom.


Later on in this book we cover 130 other Saints from the first few Centuries in Great Britain known to be from the "Old Church" setup by Saint

 Joseph of Arimathea.


Saint Joseph of Arimathea


The first Culdee at Glastonbury , Saint Joseph of Arimathea, was a member of the Sanhedrin at Jerusalem , and the holder of the Twelve Hides at

 Glastonbury . In the first century he mounted his Hebrew staff of authority in the ground, which blossomed into a tree. Today it is still regarded as

 the ultimate symbol of Hebrew law over England , through his Levitical (Zadokian lineage) that passed to their chief heir in the order of

 MelchiZadok, finally to Yahshua Ha Machiac (Jesus the Christ).



Saint Columba, the Culdee


Saint Columba, the Culdee, in following after his compatriots Patrick and Bride, made Glastonbury his headquarters for a period of time

 (according to Malmesbury). His effects on Glastonbury are evident with the two chapels in the vicinity, named after him (or his successor

 Columbanus). Being the Culdee, Irish and English Royal descended priest, and Apostle to Europe, surely his headquarters was at Glastonbury

 before moving to Iona.

At his death bed, his last words were solely to respect and honour the Sabbath of YAHWEH on Saturday. In his dying moments he reiterated that

 Saturday, the seventh day of the week was the Sabbath. This has been recorded by numerous sources.


On Culdee "Primitive" Christians


In “Dialogue on the Lord's Day”, p.189. Published in London: 1701. By Dr. T.H. Morer (Church of England):

"The primitive Christians had a great veneration for the Sabbath, and spent the day in devotion and sermons. And it is not to be doubted but they

 derived this practice from the Apostles themselves, as appears by several scriptures to that purpose." 


In Blair's translation of the Catholic historian, Bellesheim, we read:

"We seem to see here an allusion to the custom, observed in the early monastic Church of Ireland, of keeping the day of rest on Saturday, or the

 Sabbath"–"History of the Catholic Church in Scotland," Vol. I, p. 86. Professor James C. Moffatt, D. D. , Professor of Church History at

 Princeton, says: "It seems to have been customary in the Celtic churches of early times, in Ireland as well as Scotland , to keep Saturday, the

 Jewish Sabbath, as a day of rest from labor. They obeyed the fourth commandment literally upon the seventh day of the week."–"The Church in

 Scotland ," p. 140. Philadelphia :1882.


In "History of Scotland," Vol. I, p. 96. Prof. Andrew Lang says:

"The Scottish Church, then, when Malcolm wedded the sainted English Margaret, was Celtic, and presented peculiarities odious to the English

 lady, strongly attached to the establishment as she knew it at home .... The Celtic priests must have disliked the interference of an Englishwoman.

 "First there was a difference in keeping Lent. The Kelts did not begin it on Ash Wednesday .... They worked on Sunday, but kept Saturday in a

 sabbatical manner"


In "Celtic Scotland ," Vol. II, p. 349. Edinburgh : David Douglas, printer, 1877. William F. Skene says:

"Her next point was that they did not duly reverence the Lord's day, but in this latter instance they seem to have followed a custom of which we

 find traces in the early Monastic Church of Ireland, by which they held Saturday to be the 'Sabbath on which they rested from all their labours."

–"Celtic Scotland ," Vol. II, p. 349. Edinburgh : David Douglas, printer, 1877. "They held that Saturday was properly the Sabbath on which they

 abstained from work."– Id. , p. 350.


Michael Herren in his book "Christ in Celtic Christianity", page 37, wrote:

"...the Culdees not only kept the Sabbath on Saturday but they kept it in accordance with the Mosaic law."


In "The Celtic Memory - Gaeldom Revisited" , Wayne Lawrence wrote:

The Celtic Sabbath ('day of repose') was celebrated on a Saturday, the last day of the week and Hebrew holy day. 


The Liber ex Lege Moisi (condensed version of the law of Moses), was distributed by Saint Patrick and his successors at every Celtic church,

whether in England, Scotland or Ireland.  


In Jamison's "Ancient Culdees", Chapter 2 " the priests under the law(Rabbis), they were succeeded by inheritance"

" the church of Saint Andrews the Culdees came into the office hereditarily"

"The Culdees of Ireland practiced hereditary succession, the Bishopric of Armagh, could demonstrate fifteen generations." (more)


Flick (The Rise of the Medi'al Church, p. 237) says that:

The Celts used a Latin Bible unlike the Vulgate (R.C.) and kept Saturday as a day of rest, with special religious services on Sunday.


Andrew Lang, in "A History of Scotland from the Roman Occupation", Vol. I, p. 96, wrote: 

In Scotland until the tenth and eleventh centuries it was asserted that: They worked on Sunday but kept Saturday in a Sabbatical manner ... These

 things Margaret abolished.


Lewis, in "Seventh Day Baptists in Europe and America", Vol. 1, p. 29) wrote:

There is much evidence that the Sabbath prevailed in Wales universally until AD 1115, when the first Roman bishop was seated at St. David's.

 The old Welsh Sabbath-keeping churches did not then altogether bow the knee to Rome, but fled to their hiding places.


Thomas Bampfield, Speaker in one of Cromwell's parliaments, wrote on behalf of seventh day Sabbath observance and was imprisoned in Ilchester

jail (Calamy 2, 260). According to Stennet's

 letters, 1668 and 1670, there were about nine or ten churches that keep the Sabbath, besides many scattered disciples, who have been eminently

 preserved (R. Cox, Sabbath Laws, ibid., Vol. I, p. 268).


J. Bailey, in in "History of the Seventh Day Baptist General Conference", pp. 237-238 wrote:

By and large, from this period, Sabbath-keeping incurred an almost enforced migration to America. According to Jas. Bailey, Stephen Mumford,

 the first Sabbath-keeper in America came from London in 1664. In 1671 the Seventh Day Baptists had broken from the Baptist Church in order

 to keep Sabbath (see Bailey History, pp. 9-10). However, the Pilgrim Fathers were from a Sabbath-keeping tradition (cf. the paper The Dutch

 Connection of the Pilgrim Fathers (No. 264)).


Several authors mention how the Culdees incorporated into their models, the canons the Hibernenses. In specific, their attachments of the seventh

 day and the whole law of Moses. They had a strict observance of the Sabbath in like manner as the Jews. See, Hughes, The Church, 178-9) and

 the "Irish Canon"(Hibernenses) (ed. Bieler, The Irish Pentinentials, 16-75).



Franciscans of Oxford


This order of Glastonbury Culdee Monks, being governed from Glastonbury and Oxford , were known for teaching Hebrew law throughout

 England and the world.

At the height of the global influence of the Franciscan Order from Glastonbury , the Sabbath was at the foundation of our teachings.

Roger Bacon the Franciscan Friar and Professor at Oxford was also renown as “Proctor of Glastonbury ”. His tomb at Glastonbury testifies to

 this fact.

The previous Bishops of Lincoln were all closely connected to Glastonbury . ie Hugh of Wells (part of Glastonbury ), Hugh of Avalon, etc. This all

 proves again Glastonbury being a main source of inspiration for Christenom Globally. (see our numerous Royal and Church Charters that affirm

 Glasonbury was independent and autonomous from all earthly powers, or any claimed heavenly institutions).

Gilbert of Bytham a successor of the great Oxford chancellor and teacher of the Hebrew law, “the Bishop of Lincoln, Robert Grossetste”. and his

 was the height of the Oxford Franciscan Priesthood(teaching Scriptural Hebrew law). Bytham was “Chancellor of Oxford ” and “Proctor of

 Glastonbury ”. (see fn. 1 and 2)

The Chancellor of Oxford at that time (Robert Grosseteste) expounded and testified often to these facts, for example, as cited by Coxe on

 Sabbath Laws and Sabbath Duties, 284, and Cook’s Historical and General View of Christianity, ii, 301:

“The Great English Friar and Professor at Oxford(and Glastonbury Abbey), Roger Bacon, in the thirteenth century, went under great efforts asserting 

that Christians should work and hold fairs on Sunday, 

while Saturday was the proper day for rest.” (Emphasis added)    We must take heed, as the Chancellor Grosseteste wrote in his letter “Mon. 

Franciscana” that our only TRUE foundation is the Mosaic law— (the rest are frauds), as he wrote,   “the foundation-stones of the building of which you are the architects 

 and no one can find others or set others in the foundation — are the books of the Prophets, amongst whom we must count Moses, the law-

giver, and the books of the Apostles and Evange- lists. These foundation-

 stones you place and set in the foundation of your building, when by the gift of dis-

cerning spirits you expound these books to your hearers according to the mind of the writers. Take heed there-

 fore with all diligence not to put among the foundation- stones, nor to use as foundation-

stones what are not such, lest the strength of your building, made to rest upon what is no true foundation, is first shaken

 and then falls to ruin.”  Deeply rooted in the 13th Century, Robert Grosseteste k Bishop of Lincoln  Here is an excerpt from the larger 

article written by Bishop Robert Grosseteste (Chancellor of Oxford)

 in ' Cf. Brewer, Mon. Franciscana, i, pp. Ixxx, li.. With Bacon’s quotes:   Grosseteste, the founder of this renowned body of teachers, cannot

 have failed to impress upon the mind 

of Roger Bacon his own veneration and love of Holy Scripture. Frequently, says Eccleston, the Bishop of Lincohi urged the friars to study and 

sedulously to occupy themselves in working at the Holy Bible.' Nor were his exhortations confined to the circle of his imme-

 diate pupils among the Franciscans. As Chancellor of the University he addressed his letters to the teachers in the theological schools of 

Oxford , urging them to make the Bible the foundation of all their lectures. " The skilful builder," he says, "sees carefully that all the stones 

put into a foundation are really proper for the purpose ; namely, that they are such as by their solidity are fit and useful to support the 

building to be raised upon them. You are the builders of the house of God, raising it upon the foundation of the Apostles and Prophets, etc. 

; and the foundation-stones of the building of which you are the architects — and no one can find others or set others in the foundation —

 are the books of the Prophets, amongst whom we must count Moses, the law-giver, and the books of the Apostles and Evange- lists. These

 foundation-stones you place and set in the foundation of your building, when by the gift of dis-

 cerning spirits you expound these books to your hearers according to the mind of the writers. Take heed there-

fore with all diligence not to put among the foundation- stones, nor to use as foundation-

stones what are not such, lest the strength of your building, made to rest upon what is no true foundation, is first shaken and then falls to 

ruin. The most proper time, moreover, for placing and setting the said stones in the foundation

 (for there is a fitting time for laying the foundation and one for raising the building)

 is the morning hour when you commonly read your lectures. It is proper, there-

 ' Cf. Brewer, Mon. Franciscana, i, p. 64.   fore, that all your lectures be taken especially at that time, from the books of the Old or New 

Testament, lest otherwise what are not really foundation-stones be laid as if they were." * 


 Hebrew Celtic Law, the Ex Lieber Moisi   

The Liber ex Lege Moisi, was distributed by Saint Patrick and his successors at every Celtic church, whether in England, Scotland or Ireland.


Summary of contents:

1.       The seventh day Sabbath.

2.       Slavery and the relationship of master to servants

3.       Various capital offences.

4.       Compensation in money of “kind” for different crimes.

5.       Animals’ offences against person and property.

6.       Animals used as food, clean and unclean, and slaughtering.

7.       Sex and marriage.

8.       Feminine hygiene.

9.       Tithes, first-fruits, vows, and offerings of all kinds.

10.   Justice, bribery, witnesses, traduction, and usury.

11.   Cities of refuge, asylum, and hospitality.

12.   Wizards and necromancy and human sacrifices.

13.   Inheritance, and the Sabbatical and Jubilees years, debts.

14.   Sights of a true prophet.

15.   Cursing and blessing.


This formed the basis of beliefs by the Celtic Christians.


The regulations of Adamnan, accepted that people could eat the unclean swine, but not if it was too fat. The pigs must be lean.

The dietary habits of Columba were clearly described as abstaining from meat and ale. (see “Old-Irish Life of Columba”, or “Amhra Chulimb Chille”.) 



Often the records of their dealings with the early celtic Culdee church are quite telling.


Irenaeus, A.D. 178, says that the church in his time was spread throughout the World; and especially mentions the churches in Germany, Spain, Gaul, and Britain. He adds: "There is no difference of faith or tradition in any of these countries."...


The credit of introducing Christianity into this region has been claimed not only for Paul, but also for Peter, Philip, John, Simon Zelotes, and Joseph of Arimathea... 


Venantius Fortunatus, A.D. 560, says: "St. Paul passed over the ocean to the Island of Britain, and to Thule, the extremity of the earth." (Ireland)


...In the biography of Augustine who came from Rome A.D. 596, to convert the heathen Saxons, we are told that he found the people of Britain in the most grievous and intolerable heresies, "being given to Judaizing, but ignorant of the holy sacraments and festivals of the church." That is to say, they kept the Bible Sabbath and were ignorant of the Roman "Sunday-festival." (Mrs. Tamar Davis : "History of Sabbatarian Churches," p. 108. Phila 1851.) ...


John Price, in "The Ancient British Church," (pp 90, 94. Note), says: "The original difference (about Easter) was that the Western church, followed herein by the churches of Jerusalem and Antioch and Alexandria, observed Good Friday either on the 14th of the month Nisan, if it fell on Friday, or, if not, on the next Friday; and Easter on the following Sunday. The Eastern church did not do that way." and then he adds, "There is, however, an unfair insinuation that the British Christians were Judaic in their observance of Easter day, in a letter of Pope elect, John (A.D. 634), to the Scoti; and in Aldhelm's Epistle to Geruntius." This "insinuation," far from being unfair, is rather the more a true statement of the Sabbath observance of the Celtic church, which even celebrated its Easter or resurrection festival on the day which the Scriptures point out as the one on which the Saviour rose from the grave, (which was "late on the Sabbath." Matt. 28:1-4) (Seventh Day Baptists in Europe and America" Volume 1, 1910 pp 21-39).


The Celtic Church which occupied Ireland, Scotland, and Britain, had the Syriac (Byzantine) scriptures instead of the Latin vulgate of Rome. The Celtic Church, with the Waldenses and the Eastern empire, kept the seventh-day Sabbath...


“Adomnan’s use of sabbatum for Satur­day, the seventh day of the week, is clear indication from ‘Columba’s mouth’ that ‘Sabbath was not Sunday.’ Sunday, the first day of the week is ‘Lord’s day.’ Adomnan’s attitude to Sunday is important, because he wrote at a time when there was controversy over the question whether the ritual of the Biblical Sabbath was to be transferred to the Christians’ Lord’s-day.’ — A.O. and M.O. Anderson (editors) Adomnan’s Life of Columba, Thomas Nelson’s Medieval Texts, 1961, pages 25-26.


“The Old Testament required seventh-day Sabbath observance and, reason Adomnan’s editors, since the New Testament nowhere repealed the fourth commandment, the seventh-day was observed by all early Christians. The evidence they adduce suggests that no actual confusion between Sunday and ‘the Sabbath’ occurred until the early sixth century, and then in the writings of the rather obscure Caesarius of Arles. (Ibid., page 26.)...


The Roman ‘movement’ to supersede the Celtic Sabbath with Sunday ‘culminated in the production of an (apocryphal) ‘Letter of Jesus’, or ‘Letter of Lord’s day’, alleged to have been found on the altar of Peter in Rome; and is said in the annals to have been brought to Ireland by a pilgrim (c. 886). Upon this basis laws were promulgated, imposing heavy penalties for those that violated on Sunday certain regulations derived from Jewish prohibitions for Sabbath. . . . There is in fact no historical evidence that Ninian, or Patrick, or Columba, or any of their con­temporaries in Ireland, kept Sunday as a Sabbath.’ (Ibid., page 28.) (Celtic Sabbath-Keeping Study No. 264, from Cherith Chronicle, April-June 1998, pp. 46-47. 6/24/06).


People in the British Isles, including Ireland, may be shocked to learn this, but the Sabbath was kept in them by many until an English woman married Malcom III king of the Scots, and later forced Sunday upon her husband's subjects.


Noted theologian James Moffat reported:


It seems to have been customary in the Celtic churches of early times, in Ireland as well as Scotland, to keep Saturday, the Jewish Sabbath, as a day of rest from labor, and Sunday, commemorative of the Lord's resurrection, as one of rejoicing, with exercises of public worship. In that case they obeyed the fourth commandment literally upon the seventh day of the week…


The queen insisted upon the single and strict observance of the Lord's Day. People and clergy alike submitted, but without entirely giving up their reverence for Saturday, which subsequently sank into a half-holy day preparatory for Sunday (Moffat , James Clement. The Church in Scotland: A History of Its Antecedents, it Conflicts, and Its Advocates, from the Earliest Recorded Times to the First Assembly of the Reformed Church. Published by Presbyterian Board of Education, 1882. Original from the University of Wisconsin – Madison. Digitized Mar 13, 2008, p. 140).


The queen mentioned above was Margaret who died in 1093. Margaret (who was technically "the Queen consort of Malcolm III") was canonized a Roman Catholic saint in the year 1250 by Pope Innocent IV. Thus, once again political power was used to try to stop people from following the biblical practices of early Christianity.


Thomas Bampfield…contended that the seventh day had been kept in England in unbroken succession until the thirteenth century (Ball B. Seventh Day Men: Sabbatarians and Sabbatarianism in England and Wales, 1600-1800, 2nd edition. James Clark & Co., 2009, p. 21).


It should be noted that because of practices of a few of the Lollards in the British Isles, some Sabbath-keeping would have apparently occurred from the thirteenth through seventeenth centuries (Ball, pp. 30-31 ), so it would havce been unbroken for even more centuries that Thomas Bampfield contended about


Notice a that in 1719 England, John Ozell, a non-Sabbath-keeper wrote the following about some of the Sabbath-keepers:


…People, who…go by the name Sabbatarian make Profession of expecting a Reign of a Thousand Years…These Sabbatarians are so call’d, because they will not remove the Day of Rest from Saturday to Sunday…They administer Baptism only to adult People…The major part of them will not eat Pork, nor blood…their outward conduct is pious and Christian-like (Ozell J. M. Mission Observations in His Travels over England. 1719. As cited in Ball, p. 9).


There even was Sabbath-keeping in China probably beginning no later than 635, as well as beyond:


"It was in the year 1625; the Jesuits had infiltrated the fabric of the Chinese cultured classes, when a sensational discovery was made. A large monument stone inscribed with nineteen hundred Chinese characters, and fifty Syrian words, was unearthed just outside the walls of Chang-An, the ancient capital of the Tang Dynasty. The news of this discovery caused a bustle of excitement in the ancient metropolitan city, and thousands were anxious to know what information about their cultural heritage was hidden in the writing.


The Jesuits, who were regarded as the teachers and scholars, were immediately summoned to decipher the inscriptions. To the astonishment of these haughty priests, there before their eyes, was a description of the prestigious position, and vast extent of the seventh-day Sabbath-keeping Christian Church of the East of a millennia before!


The ancient Chinese characters were inscribed in 781 AD, at the command of Emperor Tae-Tsung, to honor the arrival of an Assyrian missionary and his companions to the capitol in the year 635 AD from Ta Tsin, or Judea. The stone revealed beliefs and practices of the primitive Christian church, which were unrelated and out of harmony with the Roman Catholic beliefs. ...


1837...The Taipings also learned from the Bible that they should observe the Sabbath. It is amazing that although Monday is called Day One and Saturday is called Day Six by the Chinese, yet the Taipings were able to recognize Saturday as the correct Seventh Day Sabbath...The Taiping Christians were asked why they observed the seventh day Sabbath, replied that it was, first, because the Bible taught it, and second, because their ancestors observed it as a day of worship." - A Critical History of the Sabbath and Sunday...Due to their resolute stand for biblical truths the Taipings were confronted by opposition on every side. The Manchurian dynasty regarded them as rebels and fought against them. In abolishing idols, the Taipings naturally destroyed the images of Mary and the saints as well as those of the Buddhists. The Jesuits became angry at them. They persuaded the French forces in China to support the ruling Manchus to crush them. (Wong P. THE SEVENTH DAY SABBATH MOVEMENT IN CHINA. Sabbath Sentinel. September-October 2000 6/24/06).


The Albigneses in France were condemned by various councils. And one, the Council of Albi (sometimes spelled Alby) in 1254 apparently stated:


They savour of Judaism...they observe the Jewish sabbath, but say that the holy Dominical day is no better than any other day; let them be accursed (Quoted in Davis, Tamar. A General History of the Sabbatarian Churches. 1851; Reprinted 1995 by Commonwealth Publishing, Salt Lake City, p. 64).


Others in France were also later subject to the inquisitors. Notice the following account:


On the 14th of September, 1492, about thirty persons were committed to the inquisitional dungeons of Toulouse upon a charge of Judaism...Of there was Anthony Ferrar, who had been a pastor or teacher in the Sabbatarian church of that city. After remaining in prision ten days, he received a visit from an Italian monk named Gregory...


Greg.--But Anthony, you must be a liar and a deceiver, for I have been credibly informed that yourself, and all of your friends, were of the cursed race of Israel.


An.--It is false, we were honest Frenchmen, and Christians, followers of Jesus...


An.--We say that the ten commandments are still binding.


Greg.--Yes, and instead of observing the festivals of the Holy Church, and honouring the holy day of the Lord, on which he rose from the dead, you were accustomed to meet for worship upon the old Sabbath, or Saturday.


An.--We did, indeed, rest and attend divine worship upon the seventh day, even as God commanded (Quoted in Davis, Tamar. A General History of the Sabbatarian Churches. 1851; Reprinted 1995 by Commonwealth Publishing, Salt Lake City, pp. 87-88).


In German-speaking Europe, there were separate groups among those called Anabaptists that were Sabbath-keepers in the 16th and 17th centuries:


During the years 1526 to 1535, then, eight Anabaptist groups may be identified as existing in Moravia...Sabbatarians...


A recent investigation has shown that a few congregations made up of the followers of Marbeck, the Sabbatarians and of Cornelians also continued to exist after 1550...


Even as late as the early seventeenth century Austerlitz was known for its religious confusion. According to one report, there were twelve sects in the town, four of which seemed to have been Anabaptist: Sabbatarians, fratest flebiles (ejulantes), Cornelians and Anabaptists (Clasen CP. Anabaptist Sects in the Sixteenth Century: A Research Report. Mennonite Quarterly Review, VOl. XLVI, July 1972, pp. 256-279).


From Africa, Ethiopia claims a very long history of Sabbath-keeping.


Notice some of the statements by Ethiopian Emperor Galawdewos (A.D. 1540-1559):


We do celebrate the Sabbath, because God, after He had finished the Creation of the World, rested thereon...and that especially, since Christ came not to dissolve the law but to fulfill it. It is therefore not in the imitation of the Jews, but in obedience to Christ, and His holy apostles, that we observe that day (Quoted in Bradford C.E. Sabbath Roots, The African Connection. L. Brown and Sons, Barre (VT), 1999, p. 26).


Interestingly, even to this day, the Orthodox consider Saturday and Sunday festive days, different from other ones:


In the tradition of our Church, Saturday like Sunday is considered a festal day. Even during the Great Lent the rules of fasting are relaxed on Saturdays and Sundays (Calivas A. The Great and Holy Saturday. Copyright: 2002-2003 Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of America).


And the Roman Catholics realize that the seventh day is the Sabbath:


The sabbath...The sacred text says that "on the seventh day God finished his work which he had done"...and that God "rested on this day and sanctified and blessed it"(Catechism of the Catholic Church, 345. Imprimi Potest + Joseph Cardinal Ratzinger. Doubleday, New York, 1994, p. 100). 










Imperial Legions of Europe


Priory of Salem

  House of Cnott  

Seal of St. Patrick